In heart valve disease, one or more of the valves in your heart doesn't work
Your heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction. In some cases, one or more of the valves don't open or close properly. This can cause the blood flow through your heart to your body to be disrupted.
Your heart valve disease treatment depends on the heart valve affected and the type and severity of the valve disease. Sometimes heart valve disease requires surgery to repair or replace the heart valve.
Some people with heart valve disease might not experience symptoms for many years. Signs and symptoms of heart valve disease may include:
Your heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction. These
include the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each
has flaps (leaflets or cusps) that open and close once during each heartbeat.
the valves don't open or close properly, disrupting the blood flow through your
Heart valve disease may be present at birth (congenital). It can also occur in adults due to many causes and conditions, such as infections and other heart conditions.
Heart valve problems may include:
Several factors can increase your risk of heart valve disease, including:
Heart valve disease can cause many complications, including:
Tests may include:
Doctors may conduct another type of echocardiogram called a transesophageal echocardiogram. In this test, a small transducer attached to the end of a tube is inserted down the tube leading from your mouth to your stomach (esophagus). This test allows doctors to have a closer look at the heart valves than is possible with a regular echocardiogram.
In this procedure, a doctor threads a thin tube (catheter) through a blood vessel in your arm or groin to an artery in your heart and injects dye through the catheter to make the artery visible on an X-ray. This provides your doctor with a detailed picture of your heart arteries and how your heart functions. It can also measure the pressure inside the heart chambers.